Different fixtures and fastenings used for doors and windows

Last updated on December 24th, 2023 at 08:16 pm

Different fixtures and fastenings used for doors and windows

Fastenings used for doors and windows are as follows:

1. Hinges: The hinges are fixed to the frame and shutters by means of wooden screws. These are used for hanging the shutters to the frames of doors and windows. The different types of hinges commonly used for doors and windows are:

i. Butt hinges: These hinges are made of either cast iron, malleable iron or steel. These are commonly used in doors and windows.

ii. T-hinges: These are wrought iron strips pivoted to metal plates. The straps or long arm of the hinges are fixed to the shutters, whereas the plates are screwed to door posts. These hinges are mainly used for wooden shutters.

iii. Back-flap hinges: These are used where the shutters provided are thin and space is not available on their edges for butt hinges.

iv. Pin hinges: This type of hinge is used for hanging heavy doors.

Different fixtures and fastenings used for doors and windows
              Different fixtures and fastenings used for doors and windows

2. Bolts and locks: The different types of bolts and locks being commonly used for ors are:

i. Tower bolt: This is used for joining the back faces of external and internal wooden doors. These are usually 8 to 38cm long

ii. Aldrop bolt: This is fixed on external doors where a pad lock or simply a lock is to be provided. This is usually made of iron or aluminium and is also known as sliding bolt.

iii. Hasp and staple: These are usually made of iron and used on small doors and windows where a pad lock is to be provided.

iv. Pad lock: This is used for securing doors in temporary and common works.

v. Mortice lock: It is fixed in mortice formed on the edge of a door.

vi. Rim lock: This is used for thin doors and is screwed on the face and edge of the doors.

vii. Cupboard lock: These locks are used for screwing doors in case of temporary or Interior work.

Different fixtures and fastenings used for doors and windows 

3. Handles: These are used for handling the shutters while opening and closing the doors.

4. Screws and nails: These are used for fixing the iron fitting to the doors and windows.

5. Stop: This is a wooden block fixed on the back side of the door frame on each post to prevent the shutters from damaging the plaster work of jambs.

6. Cleat: This is a wooden member hinged on each post outside the doors and windows for preventing the shutters from closing down due to heavy wind. This is also termed as chock.

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